The Scottish wars of independence.
During the wars for the independence of Scotland, William Ramsay appears on the roll of Ragman in 1296, bending to Edward I of England. However, Ramsay joined Robert Bruce and was even one of the co-signers of the Declaration of Arbroath. Ramsay had two sons: William (Guillaume in French) and Alexandre. The latter was armed Knight and in 1342 and he was appointed Sheriff of Teviotdale. However, this function was claimed by the Douglas who became jealous. Wiliam Douglas, Lord of Liddesdale captured Alexander Ramsay with many of his men and imprisoned him at the Hermitage castle where he remained until his death. Alexander’s brother William Ramsay was captured by the British at the Battle of Neville’s Cross. He was kept alive and he could tell their stories.
In 1400, another Alexander Ramsay had to face the British siege at Dalhousie Castle. The English had to retreat as the Ramsay’s resistance was strong.
Other branches of the Clan have also produced important people of high rank. Alexander Ramsay, the youngest son of Arthur Georges Maule Ramsay, 14th Earl of Dalhousie, married Princess Patricia of Connaught who was the granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Their son was Alexandre Ramsay de Mar and his wife, Lady Saltoun, Chief of Clan Fraser, were members of the royal family, on the personal wish of the Queen.
Sir John Ramsay of Balmain was created Lord Bothwell in 1485. However, this title was usurped by his betrayal in 1488 and he was later reassigned to Clan Hepburn. The Ramsay Balmain covered their fortunes having been made Baronets in 1625 and then in 1806.